NASA Awards Grants for Technologies That Could Transform Space Exploration

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These petri dishes contain designer microbes lit by LED lights. These microbes are based on tiny organisms called cyanobacterium, and can possibly be used to convert toxic atmospheres of planets like Mars and Venus into more hospitable environments. Synthetic biology involves the design and construction of biological devices and systems for useful purposes to develop transformative biological tools and technologies. Credits: NASA

These petri dishes contain designer microbes lit by LED lights. These microbes are based on tiny organisms called cyanobacterium, and can possibly be used to convert toxic atmospheres of planets like Mars and Venus into more hospitable environments. Synthetic biology involves the design and construction of biological devices and systems for useful purposes to develop transformative biological tools and technologies.
Credits: NASA

 

NASA has selected eight university-led proposals to study innovative, early-stage technologies that will address high-priority needs of America’s space program.

The selected proposals for unique, disruptive or transformational space technologies will investigate challenges in the areas of solar cell operations at high temperatures, atmospheric entry model development, synthetic biology applications for space exploration and dynamic tensegrity-based space structures. Tensegrity is a property of structures that use continuous tension and discontinuous compression to produce exceptionally strong structures for their mass.

The awards are approximately $200,000 per year, up to a possible three years of research, for outstanding early-career faculty who research space technologies that are high priorities for NASA missions.

 

The selected NASA proposals for the grants for technologies are:

  • Robust Planning for Dynamic Tensegrity Structures – Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey
  • Synthetic Biology for Recycling Human Waste into Food, Nutraceuticals, and Materials: Closing the Loop for Long-Term Space Travel – Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina
  • Lightweight and Flexible Metal Halide Perovskite Thin Films for High Temperature Solar Cells – University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • Dynamics and Control of Tensegrity Space Manipulators – University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Advanced Physical Models and Numerical Algorithms to Enable High-Fidelity Aerothermodynamic Simulations of Planetary Entry Vehicles on Emerging Distributed Heterogeneous Computing Architects – University of Stanford, Palo Alto, California
  • Reduced Order Modeling for Non-equilibrium Radiation Hydrodynamics of Base Flow and Wakes Enabling Manned Missions to Mars – University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
  • Engineering Cyanobacteria for the Production of Lightweight Materials – Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri
  • High Temperature InGaN-based Soar Cells – Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

These proposals have the potential to yield significant rewards for space exploration by:

  • Allowing solar cells to function at reasonable levels of efficiency in high-temperature environments;
  • Improving the process of identifying the most effective thermal protection systems for entering various atmospheres;
  • Providing the means to produce food, medical supplies and building materials on site at distant destinations using synthetic, biology-based approaches; and
  • Enabling more capable and affordable space missions through the development of tensegrity technologies that permit large, reconfigurable structures such as antennas, solar arrays and observatories, and lightweight landers.

NASA’s Early Career Faculty efforts are an element of the agency’s Space Technology Research Grants Program. This program is designed to accelerate the development of technologies originating from academia that support the future science and exploration needs of NASA, other government agencies and the commercial space sector.

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